EU – first major laws on AI 2023

The European Parliament,  passed the first major law draft known as the A.I. Act, a potential model for policy makers around the world, which is a major issue at stake to guard the rapid developing technology and its highly volatile uses. The main focus of this legislation is to first give an uniform definition for AI which is technology neutral and create an environment which is safe, transparent, traceable, non-discriminatory.

  • “Real-time” remote biometric identification systems in publicly accessible spaces.
  • “Post” remote biometric identification systems, with the only exception of law enforcement for the prosecution of serious crimes and only after judicial authorization.
  • Biometric categorisation systems using sensitive characteristics (e.g. gender, race, ethnicity, citizenship status, religion, political orientation).
  • Predictive policing systems (based on profiling, location or past criminal behaviour).
  • Emotion recognition systems in law enforcement, border management, workplace, and educational institutions.
  • Indiscriminate scraping of biometric data from social media or CCTV footage to create facial recognition databases (violating human rights and right to privacy).
  • Concern to people’s health, safety, environmental risk factors, fundamental rights.
  • Rights to complaints about the AI systems.

In the United States, the White House has released policy ideas that includes rules for testing A.I. systems before they are publicly available and protecting privacy rights. In China, draft rules unveiled in April would require makers of chatbots to adhere to the country’s strict censorship rules. Beijing is also taking more control over the ways makers of A.I. systems use data. Makers of generative A.I. systems would also have to put safeguards in place to prevent them from generating illegal content.

Attribution : https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20230505IPR84904/ai-act-a-step-closer-to-the-first-rules-on-artificial-intelligence

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